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The post-partum bleeding (nifaas) stopped, then she saw some drops of blood; what is the ruling on her fasting in that case?

 

Praise
be to Allah

Firstly:

There is no
minimum duration for nifaas. If a woman’s nifaas (post-partum bleeding) ends
after giving birth, even after only a few days, then she should do ghusl and
pray and fast.

Shaykh Ibn
‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

When a woman
becomes pure [i.e., the bleeding ends], even if it is only one day or a few
days after giving birth, then she is taahir (pure) and she must pray; her
fasting is valid and it is permissible for her husband to have intercourse
with her.

End quote from
Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen.

It may be
determined whether a woman has become pure – following menses or nifaas
(postpartum bleeding) – by one of two signs:

i.                   

Emission of the
white discharge.

ii.                 

Complete
dryness, so that there is no trace of blood or yellowish or brownish
discharge.

 For more
information, please see the answer to question no.
156224.

These few drops
of blood that appeared after becoming totally pure from nifaas are not
regarded as being part of nifaas. Based on that, the woman should pray and
fast in that case.

In Fataawa
al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah
(vol. 2, 4/259), it says:

His wife gave
birth on the ninth day of Ramadan, and nine days after giving birth the
bleeding stopped, so she did ghusl and started to pray and fast, but she
noticed when night came that there were a few drops of blood, but she did
not see anything like that during the day. What is the ruling on that, and
are her prayer and fasting valid?

Answer: If this
woman saw a complete cessation of bleeding or the white discharge, then her
prayer and fasting are valid, because she comes under the same ruling as
women who are taahir (pure, i.e., not menstruating or bleeding postpartum).
What she sees of a few drops of blood at night is not regarded as nifaas and
is not described as blood, so it does not come under the ruling on nifaas.
End quote.

Shaykh Ibn
‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked:

There is a woman
who, after two months of nifaas and after becoming pure, began to find some
small drops of blood. Should she stop fasting and stop praying? Or what
should she do?

Answer: If this
woman became pure and definitely saw the tuhr indicating that menses or
nifaas had ended – by which I mean the emission of the white discharge,
which is well known to women – then anything that appears after the tuhr of
brownish or yellowish discharge, or spots of blood, or wetness, none of this
is menses, so it does not prevent her from praying and it does not prevent
her from fasting, and it does not prevent a man from having intercourse with
his wife, because it is not menses. Umm ‘Atiyyah said: We used to regard the
yellowish and brownish discharge as not being of any significance. Narrated
by al-Bukhaari. Abu Daawood added: …after the tuhr. Its isnad is saheeh.

Based on that,
we say: Anything of that nature that happens after the tuhr has definitely
occurred does not matter, and does not prevent the woman from praying or
fasting or being intimate with her husband. But she should not rush until
she sees the tuhr, because some women, when the bleeding stops, rush to do
ghusl before seeing the tuhr. Hence the women of the Sahaabah would send
their pieces of cloth – meaning the cotton on which there was blood – to Umm
al-Mu’mineen ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), and she would say to
them: Do not be hasty, until you see the white discharge. End quote.

www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/books/article_16919.shtml

And Allah knows
best.