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Inheritance between a Son and 4 Daughters


Assalaamu ‘Alaykum; Please calculate the inheritance according to the following information -Does the deceased have male relatives who are entitled to inherit: (A son) Number 1 -Does the deceased have female relatives who are entitled to inherit : (A daughter) Number 4


All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

If the deceased did not leave any other heirs except his son and his four daughters, then his entire inheritance should be divided amongst them by virtue of Ta’seeb (having a paternal relation with the deceased and not having an allotted share, so they get what remains after the allotted shares have been distributed, if any); the male gets twice the share of the female, as Allah Says (what means): {Allah instructs you concerning your children [i.e. their portions of inheritance]: for the male, what is equal to the share of two females.} [Quran 4:11]

Therefore, the inheritance should be divided into 6 shares, the son gets 2 shares, and each daughter gets 1 share.

Finally, it should be noted –dear questioner –that the matter of inheritance is very complex an issue, so in order to be on the safe side, you should not settle for a mere Fatwa which is issued according to the question. Rather, the matter should be taken to an Islamic court or presented orally (in person) to the scholars in order for them to investigate and find out who the heirs are. At times, there might be an heir who would not be known except after investigation. There might also be a will, debts, or other dues that are not known to the heirs, and it is known that these rights take precedence over the right of the heirs in the inheritance. Therefore, the inheritance should not be divided without resorting to an Islamic court, if any, in order to fulfill the interests of both the dead and the live people.

Allah knows best.


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